A primary colour mixing (red, yellow and blue) allows us to get a very wide chromatic circle and therefore get many other shades that you don’t have in the palette. It is not necessary to buy all the colors because by mixing these three we can get many others secondary colors! In this article from umCOMO, we explain to you how to mix colours. Keep reading and discover the artist inside you, testing and pirating in these color mixtures and results!
What are the primary colors
Before you start explaining how to mix colours, it is essential to understand that primary colours cannot be obtained by mixing other shades, which explains why they are so called: primary colours are the basis for creating all other shades. This means that you cannot turn yellow by mixing colors or make a mixture of red colorsfor example. The primary colors are:
To mix paint colours or other materials like modeling dough, you’ll need these three basic shades. Keep reading to check the mixes and results!
To learn more, see what the primary colors are. Next you check mixture of colors and results.
Mix colors to green
Green is achieved by mixing blue to yellowIdeally, you should start by mixing both colours equally and then change in search of the tone you want. If you are looking for an intense green, you will have to add more yellow and if, on the other hand, you prefer a pastel tone, add white.
Tones of green
Another way to create green is by mixing several shades of yellow and blue, changing the paints before mixing them. You can, for example, lighten the blue using a white paint and mix with the pure yellow after, reaching a shade of water green.
How to make the color purple: mixing colors
What colors form purple? From the mixture of red and blueYou can do the color violet, purple or lilac (among some of the many names this color receives). With more red color, will appear redder shades or close to fuchsia, and with less red ink will predominate blue.
How to make the color lilac
With white, you’ll get a subtler tone that’s usually called lilac.
Suggestion: If you want to make lipstick mixes, check out this article on the subject.
Mixture of colors for pink
To set the pink tone, add white to red to diminish the tonality thus. Depending on the intensity you want to obtain, you will need more or less white color.
How to make the color pink
If you’re looking for a purplish rather than red tone, like the pinkjust mix in a little blue paint.
Green and pink is what color?
Although pink and green is a common combination in fashion and decoration aesthetic patterns, the result of these mixed colors will be something much closer to a brownthan a green rose or a pinkish green.
Mixture of colors to give brown
If we put the three primary colors together: red, blue and yellowwe get the color brown. Playing with different amounts of each color, we can get many different earth tones.
Further reading: How to make brown with the primary colors
Mixture of colors to give gray
To get the color gray, we just need to reduce black with white and, of course, the whiter you put it together, the lighter the gray. The color mixture to give dark gray is the same, only less white should be added.
Mixture of colors to give orange
To achieve an orange tone, it will be necessary mix red and yellow. Depending on the tone you are looking for, you should add more than one color or another. If you are looking for a darker shade of orange, put more red, however, if you are looking for a more open shade, put more yellow.
Mixture of colors to give black
To obtain the darkest tone of the chromatic circle, you should use the primary colors – yellow, red and blue – in equal parts. If this doesn’t work, make a previous mixture to give dark blue and a very strong red and add until it turns black, the lack of precision is due to the difference in tones between the ink marks.
How to create pastel colors
If you are looking for pastel tones or just drop in intensity of some tone through the color mixture, all you need to do is add white to the initial color. That way, you’ll get a lighter shade until you find the one you like best or need. Also check out the post that explains what the neutral colors are.
How to balance colors
If you’re almost achieving the desired tone but it needs to be a balanced one, like lightening or darkening, heating or cooling the color, see:
- Colder tones: mix a little blue paint;
- Warmer tones: mix a little ochre paint;
- Clearer tones: mix a little white;
- Darker tones: mix a little black.
What are the warm colors
Hot colors have this name because they transmit a sensation of warmth, not coincidentally are among them the red of blood, the orange of fire and the yellow of the sun.
Warm colours are associated with energy, movement and allergy, and it is common to use shades of orange in environments such as restaurants because they whet the appetite and make the meal experience more enjoyable.
What are the cold colors
The Cold colors are those related to cold. As is easy to imagine, also to the freshness of the water and nature and to the moon, being them the blue, green and purple. In addition to those already mentioned, sometimes neutral colors such as gray and brown are framed in the category “warm color” because they are opposed to the warm colors in the aspect of the sensation they pass through.
Cold colors are associated with calm, so they are widely used in chromotherapy, so called the therapy used since Egypt and ancient Greece made from the use of color patterns that can help patients with problems such as anxiety and stress. Although many claim that chromotherapy is a deception, there are professionals who believe in its power and since March 2018 the Unified Health System (SUS) has implanted it.
What are the secondary and tertiary colors
The secondary colors are those resulting from the mixture of two primary colors:
- Green: resulting from the mixture of blue + yellow;
- Violet (purple): Resulting from the mixture of red + blue;
- Orange: resulting from the mixture of yellow + red;
The tertiary colours are those resulting from the mixture of 2 secondary colors or 1 primary color with a secondary one:
- Purple red: red + purple;
- Orange red: red + orange;
- Greenish yellow: yellow + green;
- Orange yellow: yellow + orange;
- Purple blue: blue + purple;
- Greenish blue: blue + green.
Color mixing table to obtain other colors
If before mixing the colors effectively you would like to test the idea, there are tools that allow you to mix colours online. Pantone is a company famous for the color system that helps give names and codes to each of them. Their website allows you to find mixed colors and discover their name and code, according to the table. To test, just access the link.
If you want to read more similar articles to How to mix colorsWe recommend that you enter our category of Art and Crafts.